What are the Capital instruments permitted for receiving foreign investment in India?

 ‘Capital Instruments’ means monetary instruments in capital markets such as equity shares, debentures, preference shares and share warrants issued by a company. Indian companies are permitted to raise money by way of capital instruments for their operational purposes. The instruments issued in capital markets are listed below: Equity shares: Equity shares are the shares joint-stock…

What is EVA ?

ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED (EVA) Economic Value Added (EVA) or Economic Profit is after-tax net operating profit (NOPAT) minus a capital charge. This measure is based on the Residual Income technique that serves as an indicator of the real profitability of business. The real profitability occurs when additional wealth is created for share shareholders and the…