ISDA Master Agreement: Salient features

(This post offers salient features of ISDA, covering some of the points most important to the parties to the agreement for OTC derivatives transactions internationally.) The ISDA Master Agreement is an internationally agreed document published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. (“ISDA”) which is used to provide certain legal and credit protection for…

Raising Trade Credits for imports in India

Trade Credits (TC) denote the credits extended by the overseas supplier, bank, financial institution and other permitted recognised lenders for maturity, for imports of capital/non-capital goods permissible under the Foreign Trade Policy of the Government of India. Depending on the source of finance, such TCs include suppliers’ credit and buyers’ credit from recognised lenders. The…

Updated guidelines on raising loans through External Commercial Borrowing (ECB)

The revised guidelines on External Commercial Borrowing are as per the updated circular of RBI as of December 22, 2023. External Commercial Borrowings are commercial loans raised by eligible resident entities from recognised non-resident entities and should conform to parameters such as minimum maturity, permitted and non-permitted end-uses, maximum all-in-cost ceiling, etc. The framework for…

Terminologies used in Foreign exchange dealings and fundamental of forex market

Originally posted on 8.11.2014 and Updated on 06.01.2024 [This post contains fundamental aspects of foreign exchange; and forex markets;  as well as over 100  terminologies used in  forex dealings such as direct and indirect Quote; buying rate, selling rate, forward exchange rate, swap rate, spot rate, cross rate, transaction date, value date, Spread, premium, discount,…

DGFT implements significant improvements in Advance Authorisation and Norms Fixation Workflow

Advance Authorisation Scheme (AAS) or Advance License Scheme is a duty exemption scheme issued by the Government of India (GOI) under the Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020. The scheme exempts the payment of import duties on raw materials/inputs required for manufacturing products for export. In addition to any inputs, packaging material, fuel, oil, and catalyst which…