What is derivative?

In a layman’s language, derivative means profit or loss derived from something. The most common derivative instruments used in financial markets are the forward contract, options, forward rate agreement, futures contract, interest rate swaps etc.  The characteristic and value of these derivative instruments are derived from underlying assets like currencies, Interest rates, stocks indices, precious…

What are depository receipts –ADR, GDR and IDR?

A depository receipt or depositary receipt (DR) is a negotiable financial instrument that represents a foreign company’s (issuing company which is incorporated outside India) publicly traded debt or equity in domestic exchanges. The depository receipts (DRs) which are created by a Domestic Depository bank against the underlying equity shares of the issuing company are termed…

What is forfaiting?

The term forfaiting refers to a form of trade finance involving discounting of export bills receivables such as drafts drawn under LC, bills of exchange, promissory notes, or other instruments on without recourse basis. The export of capital goods involves account receivables of medium and long term maturities. It is a general practice that the…

What is the role of EXIM Bank?

EXIM bank of India was established by Government of India in 1982 under the Export-Import Bank of India Act, 1981 for the purpose of financing, facilitating and promoting India’s international trade. The bank conducts export market studies and assists Indian Joint ventures in third countries. The bank offers international merchant banking services and financing in…