What is Uniform Customs and Practice (UCP) for Documentary Credits?

We all know that in the international trade of goods and services transactions takes place between the people belonging to different continents, languages, culture, and laws. Since the language used for communication of terms and conditions of LC may suggest different meaning in different parts of the world, people across the world realised the need…

What is a letter of Credit (LC)?

Letter of credit (LC) also known as Documentary credit is an undertaking from a bank on behalf of its customer (importer/buyer) wherein the beneficiary (exporter) is fully assured of payment provided he fulfills his part of the sale contract embodied in Letter of Credit. To understand LC mechanism, let us take an example of a…

Difference between purchase, discount and negotiation of export bills

The terms ‘bills purchase’,’ bills discount’, and ‘bills negotiation’ are respectively used by the bank for financing against ‘Demand Bills’,’Usance Bills’, and LC bills. The seller of goods (exporter) gets immediate money from the bank for the goods sold by him irrespective of whether it is a purchase, discount, or negotiation by the bank according…