What is market discipline?

In general, market discipline is defined as the transparency and disclosure of the risks associated with a business or entity. In case of banks, market discipline refers to the obligation by the banks and financial institutions to conduct business while considering the risks to their stakeholders in the passage of their day-to-day operations. Therefore, bank…

What is liquidity coverage ratio (LCR)?

The liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) refers to highly liquid assets held by financial institutions to meet short-term obligations.  LCR forms on traditional liquidity “coverage ratio” methodologies used internally by banks to assess exposure to contingent liquidity events. The LCR guidelines ensure reduction in funding risk over a 30 days horizon by requiring banks to fund…

What is Net Stable Funding Ratio [NSFR]?

NSFR or Net Stable Funding Ratio is a significant component on Liquidity Standards of the Basel III reforms. The guidelines in this regard finalized by RBI for implementation will come into effect in India from April 1, 2020. Unlike LCR guidelines which promote short term resilience of a bank’s liquidity profile, the NSFR guidelines ensure…

How operational risk is measured?

Basel Committee on banking supervision has adopted a common industry definition of operational risk. Operational risk is defined as the risk of direct or indirect loss resulting from breakdowns in internal procedures, people, system and external events. Examples of operational risk are frauds, system failure, error in financial transactions, failure to discharge demand of contractual…

What is a market risk?

The ‘Market risk’ is an umbrella term used for multiple types of risk associated with adverse changes in market variables that include Liquidity Risk, Interest rate risk, Foreign exchange rate risk and equity price risk. Market risk causes substantial changes in income and economic value of banks. The Bank of International Settlements (BIS) defines market risk…

What are Basel Accords (I,II and III)

BCBS is a committee of banking supervisory authorities that was established by the central bank governors of the G-10 countries in 1974 with a proposal of working towards building new international financial structures with the goal of minimizing credit risk in financial sector. Basel accord is the guidelines on regulatory standards formulated by Basel committee on…